In 1999, there was a big monumental change in Indonesia. Preceded by the 1998 reform movement that ended the New Order era which has been in power for 32 years, Indonesia entered a transitional period to democracy. In the same year, Indonesian government issued regional autonomy policy that changed centralized government into decentralized government.
This regional autonomy policy can be said as a response to an increasing demand of regional independency from central government and wider public participation in all aspects. Regional autonomy policy is also creating a new hope to build good governance as an instrument to improve the welfare of the community. Regional autonomy is expected to give greater opportunity for the community to actively participate in determining policy, which is a prerequisite to the creation of a good governance.
Through decentralization, management and utilization of community resources, particularly in local region, will benefit more for the community’s interests. However, in reality the changes of relationship between local and central government in the decentralization policy, does not necessarily change the relationship pattern between the society and the state. Society is still excluded from decision making practice and access to public service. For example, establishment policy of Regional Income and Expense Budget (APBD) has not involved community participation, in particular the susceptible and the poor community. This results in limited access to public service. Meanwhile, corruption practice, collusion, and nepotism have become the norm in governmental bureaucracy, including the local government. In that context, PATTIRO was born.
PATTIRO (Center for Regional Information and Studies) was founded on 17 April 1999 in Jakarta is a non-governmental organization that dedicated its activity to actualize good governance and to improve public participation in Indonesia, particularly in the local level. In other words, PATTIRO is trying to encourage the fulfilment of regional autonomy purpose, which is improvement in the public service quality that in turn improving the welfare of the society.
Creation of social justice through participation and community bargaining power in the public service management process, public decision making and allocation of public resources, especially in the local level.
- Encourage the fulfilment of society’s basic rights in the public service management and public budget allocation.
- Strengthen the capacity of society and government officials in creating a participative and quality public decision.
- Develop good governance model to create social justice.
To reach the above visions, PATTIRO decides particular areas to focus on its effort to improve the quality of decentralization in Indonesia. Through these focus areas, outcome is determined. From the outcome, PATTIRO strategic programs can be mapped. PATTIRO’s focus consists of three areas, which are strategic components of decentralization implementation, namely public service improvement, public policy reform, and public budget management reform. Shown below is the focus area, outcome, and strategic program table:
|No||Focus Area||Outcomes||Strategic Programs|
|1||Public service delivery improvement||
||– To improve the capacity of community that uses the service to contribute in improving public service quality|
||– To develop community-oriented public service framework – To improve service provider capacity in order to give better service quality|
|2||Public Policy Reform||
||– To improve community capacity and bargaining power that potentially affected to be involved in policy-making process|
||– To develop policy-making instruments that respond to community needs – To influence national policy in the decentralization context in order to favor more to the community welfare – To stimulate follow-up policy that complements operational of decentralization policy – To review and make correction of decentralization policy that ignores community welfare|
|3||Public Finance Management Reform||
||– To increase community participation through framework development and organization of recipient community|
||– To develop financial management instruments and to monitor public finance to favor more to community welfare – To stimulate government to propel productive economic sector to be the new income-generating source|
In executing its agenda, PATTIRO relies on the principle: social transformation, accountability, transparency, result-oriented, democratization and equality.
Scope of Work
1. Research PATTIRO has multitude of experience in quantitative or qualitative research, especially utilizing participative method such as Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA), Public Expenditure Analysis (PEA), Budget Tracking, Outcome Mapping, Citizen Report Card, User-based Survey, Integrity Scorecard, and Social Audit. PATTIRO emphasizes on applicable follow-up plan for anyone using the above research.
2. Training Facilitation PATTIRO provides training facilitation especially for NGO, local government and regional House of Representatives’ members. In each of the training, PATTIRO prioritizes following up plan for its participants. Methods offered for training include: classical training, problem solving training, field training, in-house training, etc. Facilitation methods used such as Technology of Participatory (TOP), Zierlorientierte Projekt Planung (ZOPP), and ORID.
3. Technical Assistance Technical assistance is a special activity to assist community, CSO activists, government officials and members of the legislative body in fulfilling their duties optimally. Technical assistance is done in form of field consultation (in the middle of work progress), thematic training facilitation, legal drafting assistance, budget analysis, policy analysis and others.
4. Model Development Model development is the continuation activity from research result. For example, PATTIRO develop a model for public complaint management based on research of public service, or model of social integrity and accountability audit that is based on research on integrity and accountability of social assistance program. Model development is done so that research result can be useful for institution that uses research result.
5. Publication In order to disseminate activity results, PATTIRO also publishes a number of publication, such as books, training modules, policy brief and lesson-learnt documents. The purpose of these publications is to reach wider audience and to motivate interested parties to replicate similar activity or programs.
Experience and Scope of Work
Since it was founded in 1999, PATTIRO has developed numerous research, capacity improvement, technical assistance, local policy reform, development of public service model/innovation and community participation, and partnership (ASEAN) and international. Through network of PATTIRO Raya that spreads out in 17 regions, PATTIRO is working 17 provinces and more than 60 regencies or cities in Indonesia.
Main activities that are done by PATTIRO such as development of government social assistance program monitoring, advocacy to government to support gender-responsive planning and budgeting, gender equality support in mother and child’s health program, promotion of transparency and accountability of oil and gas income, strengthening the community for freedom of information for the poor, capacity development for CSO in planning, budgeting and monitoring of public finance expenditure.
During the period, PATTIRO has cooperated with its partners, can be donor organization, international NGO, local NGO, central government or regional in developing public service reform model, policy reform, and budget management that favor more to public interests. For its research and policy advocacy effort, PATTIRO is given the appreciation as Top 30 Good Governance and Transparency Think Tank by University of Pennsylvania, USA in 2011.
Partners and Network
- Ford Foundation
- Australia Agency for International Development (AusAID)
- United States for International Development (USAID)
- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
- New Zealand for International Development (NZAID)
- European Commission (EU)
- Brookings Institution
- Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative (LGI)
- Revenue Watch Institute (RWI)
- International Budget Partnership (IBP)
- National Democratic Institute (NDI)
- Participation and Transparency Fund (PTFund)
- Transparency and Accountability Program (TAP)
- Article 19
- Center for Law and Democracy (CLD)
- Pacific Institute
- Global Integrity, USA
- The Asia Foundation
- Tifa Foundation
- Kementerian Koordinator Kesejahteraan Rakyat (Kemenkokesra)
- Badan Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional (Bappenas)
- Kementerian Pemberdayaan Perempuan dan Perlindungan Anak
- Kementerian Dalam Negeri
- Kementerian Kesehatan
- Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan
- Kementerian Pertanian
- Unit Kerja Presiden bidang Pengawasan dan Pengendalian Pembangunan (UKP4)
- Staf Khusus Presiden Bidang Pembangunan Daerah dan Otonomi Daerah
- Komisi Informasi Pusat
- Pemerintah daerah di 17 Propinsi seperti Banten, Jawa Timur, NTT, NTB, Papua dan Papua Barat, dan lebih dari 60 kabupaten/kota, seperti Serang, Tangerang, Semarang, Pekalongan, Surakarta, Malang, Jeneponto dan Makassar.
Network that has been built as long as PATTIRO around is spread out in many provinces and regents / cities. This network is naming itself as PATTIRO Raya. Each PATTIRO Raya member has its own legal entity and agenda, but still has the same purpose and point of view in the framework to materialize good governance. PATTIRO Raya network is spread out in Aceh, Banten, Blora, Bojonegoro, Gresik, Jeneponto, Kendal, Magelang, Malang, Pekalongan, Semarang, Serang, Surakarta, Tangerang and Jawa Barat.
STAFF AND MANAGEMENT PATTIRO expert staffs consist of researcher, facilitator and experienced trainer. They are experts in their fields and have practical experience especially anything related to public service reform, public finance management and policy reform. PATTIRO staffs are deeply involved in research, consultation or training, and maintain intens relations with civil society or policy-making instruments. PATTIRO is managed by experienced people who have extensive experience in program management particularly in development sector, human resources management development, and financial management. PATTIRO is also audited annually by Public Accounting Firm.
Furthermore, PATTIRO has close relationship with a group of experts and individuals dedicated to positive changes as aligned with PATTIRO’s vision and mission. These experts are the source of knowledge management that is produced by PATTIRO, as well as to enforce PATTIRO’s direction and work methods.