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FOURTEEN YEARS RUNNING

Who would have thought, a garage to witness the establishment of PATTIRO. Car garage located in South Jakarta Gandaria. Starting from a desire to make training for journalists in 1999, the founders of early then formed the Center for Regional Information and Studies Foundation or Yayasan PATTIRO. PATTIRO formed to accommodate the expectations of the birth of a democratic society. The names of the initial shape are Syahrir Wahab, Sad Dian Utomo, and Wininatin Khamimah-previously they were the crew in Warta Ekonomi magazine editorial. Following is strengthening PATTIRO gank of ITB, which Ilham Cendekia, Dini Mentari and M Subhan. Since then, many activists from different backgrounds strengthen PATTIRO.

Along with the changes in the social and political situation brought about by the 1998 Reform and the implementation of regional autonomy in 1999, the rise of Indonesia also hopes to achieve a better life. The term “better life” is not merely in the sense primer alone insufficient physical needs, but also the recognition of the dignity of all people to participate in determining the direction of travel of the nation.

Many people from among the common people want an active role in building this country. They see the failure of the development approach that is run by a weak and corrupt government and the fragile foundation of economic and social culture. So many people who then expect the opening of the doors of public participation that allows all people to stand in line to determine the direction of travel of this nation. PATTIRO want to engage actively to contribute to the achievement of expectations.

In times where the expectations of public participation was so strong, and PATTIRO began his journey. In the spirit of reform, in 2000 became the first step PATTIRO motion. Departing from a program called Pilot Projects to Strengthen Village and Sub District Institution who subsequently responded positively by a donor, began PATTIRO strives to support the spirit of regional autonomy.

This program is a preliminary work PATTIRO and last until 2005. Pilot Projects to Strengthen Village and Sub District Institution who initially only lasted one year continued into the third year. The program also initiated the establishment of the then Regional PATTIRO PATTIRO namely Jakarta, West Java Regional Facilitator PATTIRO-there were no Banten (Bandung, Serang, Tangerang), PATTIRO Facilitator Central Java (Semarang, Solo, Pekalongan) and East Java PATTIRO Facilitator ( Surabaya, Malang, and Gresik).

Little by little, as we get activists, vision and function PATTIRO begin his non-governmental organization (NGO). By the year 2004 PATTIRO activity widened. PATTIRO participated in the Gender Equality expansion program in Indonesia and became a partner in gender-responsive programs and CSIAP. Over time, PATTIRO managed to put themselves into a leader in gender equality issues and local governance is good. Added program also have a positive effect on the addition of human resources in PATTIRO.

Ahead of the 2004 elections, which is the first direct elections, PATTIRO come down to facilitate assisted residents find solutions to problems they are experiencing. The issue of concern is the participation in public policy-making areas (local regulations), women’s participation in local budgeting, the issue of public services to poor consumers, the issue of space for participation in the legislative process, and the issue of strengthening women’s political rights in the 2004 elections.

Year 2004 is not only a historic moment for the nation in general because of the election right the first time, but also for PATTIRO. In the same year, PATTIRO hold elections to choose the agency’s executive director. The results of the voting turns out win Ilham Srimarga for the position of Executive Director PATTIRO.

The following year, PATTIRO initiated a new program entitled Mechanisms Complaints against the Public Service, in collaboration with AusAID. The program is getting a good reception from AUSAID and continued through ACCESS-Bali, which paved the way for PATTIRO to working in the area in addition to the network of West Lombok, Bantaeng and Jeneponto. The program is a forerunner to the establishment PATTIRO Jeneponto.

Change for the sake of change is experienced-PATTIRO. Arrival of foreign volunteers provide color and new challenges (especially using English), although could make PATTIRO stutter due to cultural differences. PATTIRO also initiated cooperation with a variety of new donors as well as work in an entirely different program with area programs ever run such programs PATTIRO Cepu.

In 2008 PATTIRO open cooperation with RWI and LGI in project governance utilization of oil and gas revenues to improve the lives of people in Blora and Bojonegoro. PATTIRO also initiated collaboration with the Brookings Institute in education accountability program. Both new funding adds to list donors who have been working with PATTIRO the Ford Foundation, the European Union, HIVOS, NDI, Partnership, Access (Mekkom program in five cities), the Solidarity Center, UNDP, UNFPA, Tifa Foundation, The Asia Foundation, Shamdana, NZAID, Brooking Institute, RWI, LGI, IBP, and others.

In 2010 a large program that is Strengthening Integrity and Accountability Program (SIAP) II is supported by USAID in, PATTIRO expanding into 10 regions, namely Aceh Besar (Aceh province), Serang (Banten), West Bandung Regency (West Java), Pekalongan, Semarang and Surakarta (Central Java), Gresik (East Java), Jeneponto (South Sulawesi), West Lombok (NTB), Jayapura (Papua). This program oversees the implementation of government social assistance is the Government Operational Assistance (BOS), Rice for the Poor (Raskin), and Subsidized Fertilizer.

The year 2012 is when the pursuit began PATTIRO in Eastern Indonesia. Mid-2012, becoming PATTIRO implementing partner of AIPD (Australia Indonesia Partnership for Decentralisation) for CSO capacity building program in accessing the local budget. Various training and assistance to NGOs and CSOs held in East Java, Papua, West Papua, NTT and NTB. Each of these 4 districts in each province. September 2012, PATTIRO be implementing partner of AIPD to support the issue of disclosure of the same in the five provinces.

Internally, the director made the turn back on February 18, 2012. After going through the entire process of internal deliberation and activists convened by the Foundation Board, was finally selected as the Sad Dian Utomo PATTIRO executive director who will carry out the mandate from 2012 to 2014.

Now, after nearly fourteen years strives for democracy and prosperity Indonesia, PATTIRO has grown bigger with the network PATTIRO BRITAIN spread in 80 regions and districts in Indonesia, which makes PATTIRO as one of the institutions in Indonesia are able to reach people in a comprehensive manner. []

ACT ESTABLISHING OF HISTORICAL INVOLVEMENT PATTIRO

Since the reforms in the late 1990s, Indonesia experienced rapid changes in the life of the state. Occurred strengthening commitment to Human Rights along with the democratization and decentralization. Commitment to Human Rights conducted fairly basic start of the 1945 amendment, legislation concerning human rights guarantees and arrangements, as well as the ratification of several international human rights treaties, including the Economic, Social and Cultural Rights which was ratified by Law No. 11 of 2005 and the Civil and Political Rights ratified by Law no. 12 in 2005.

Democratization can also be seen in the general elections that followed most of the parties, and the presidential elections of regional heads directly, as well as the legislation that guarantees the right of people to engage in development planning and in the formation of legislation.

Decentralization be a big change because the central government is thus greatly reduced control over governance in the region. Authority to make policy, planning, service delivery and budget management that were previously concentrated in the central government devolved to local governments. Impact, on the one hand, local governments generate local development plans and policies that reflect the aspirations and interests of local stakeholders, but on the other hand commitment to fulfill a variety of human rights in the region-there are some governments that are able to facilitate community involvement in local policy-making and largely demonstrate commitment to the fulfillment of human rights in development plans and regulations made.

Democratization and decentralization growing rapidly along with the strengthening of freedom of the press and the development of information technology that allows communities and state officials had the opportunity to become an actor in the news in the media, both in print and audio-visual media first.

In many ways the activists of political parties, civil society organizations, and government officials alike have a chance to be a figure in the media. In every issue under actual often competition in the media to appear as the most important actors contributing to the issue. Consequently, intentionally or not, developed communication tends to lead to the development effort by one party and the image of the destruction of the image of the efforts by other parties. This situation developed into a trend where many stakeholders are using the same approach and strengthen democracy in the filling, by adhering to the belief that deliver massive sound through the mass media will provide greater benefits and wider. The actors of diverse issues and interests appear interchangeably in the media, and also turns faded over time.

PATTIRO recognize mass media has tremendous power to make the issue of expanded rapidly and had a major impact and therefore very strategic build-media collaboration with both national and local level. Shown in the media to multiply the impact of advocacy is very important issue, as well as establish the existence, image and credibility. Even so, there are more urgent things to be strengthened in order to reinforce the democratization running commitment to the fulfillment of the rights of citizens and decentralization able to more effectively accommodate the rights, interests and aspirations of the region-even from the community level. One is through strengthening the capacity of civil society in the region.

Capacity building is done from the build and strengthen institutions, develop the capacity to participate in decision-making in the area, as well as play an active role in monitoring to ensure that state resources are devolved to local areas actually used for the greatest prosperity of the people. Necessary concrete measures in the field, beyond the festival, to achieve empowerment and welfare.

PATTIRO involvement in capacity building of civil society can be described by stages of time as follows:

Strengthening Civil Society (2000 – 2004)

Community empowerment at the community level and the area, starting with the analysis of the readiness of the local institutions of the public demand as citizens need to develop the capacity to be able to accumulate aspirations to influence public policy in the area. Civil society organizations in some areas and then facilitated to express their aspirations about the problems faced by the community and communicate their needs. Community Musrenbang facilitated to engage in, conduct hearings into Parliament and SKPD related to public services, as well as to the actors lobbying policy makers in the region. In 2004, PATTIRO developing or transitional approach uses the approach of noise (muttering) to voice (clear voice) to communicate the aspirations of the people.

Civil society organizations in the region began to be facilitated to identify the problems and needs of the people at the community level more systematically, to then be feedback or input as an information base for policy making. This is done by considering that an empowered community is essential for regional autonomy. Delegation of authority policy development and service delivery to local governments could potentially alienate the benefits of development and public service of the community. Empowered communities can influence decision-making, enforcement is involved in the implementation, and present demands of public accountability.

Noise to Voice (2004-2005)

In this phase PATTIRO trying to establish a change of approach from noise to voice by developing more systematic work in raising the aspirations and needs of the community. People in the community level facilitated to identify problems in the public service, together with a complaint, and to encourage local governments to develop mechanisms for handling complaints (complaints mechanisms) as a feedback mechanism to improve the quality of public services.

Complaint mechanism against the development of the public service performed by PATTIRO to facilitate community at the community level to identify the problems faced in accessing public services, then used as feedback to the implementers UPTD SKPD and public services and propose a mechanism for complaints.

In this phase PATTIRO also starting to get into efforts to influence local policies, both regulatory and budget. Involvement in this phase over the normative level, in the sense of community facilitated to understand the mechanisms of planning and budgeting, increasing the capacity to engage, develop the community to get involved, and start to affect the budget allocation.

Building the Bridge (2005 – 2009)

In this period the space for people to participate in policy making by the government more open government and on the other hand, at least normatively, strengthened commitment to the fulfillment of human rights. This is done by them ratified two International Covenants on Human Rights, the Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights by Law no. 11 in 2005 and on Civil and Political Rights under Law No. 12 of 2005. At this time the program strengthened resolution approach on the development of civil society involvement in the making of public policy with the local government and parliament.

Three-pronged approach was developed in this period, namely: (1) strengthening the capacity of civil society to engage in development planning and the establishment of laws, (2) providing technical assistance to the government to further develop the space for public participation and adopt standards in service fulfillment public, and (3) facilitating the interaction between civil society and local decision-makers, namely the executive and legislative branches. One of the efforts is the implementation of Participatory Budgeting and Expenditure Tracking (PBET) together with several NGOs in Indonesia. In this program facilitated civil society to advocate budget, ranging from budget analysis, monitor implementation, and assessment of residents (citizen report card).

Evidence Based Advocacy (2009 – 2011)

Strengthening advocacy by civil society in this phase further strengthened by mekin develop evidence based approach to advocacy. In this case with CSO advocacy and detail go deeper into the substance of policy. Advocacy on legislation, for example, conducted a study in more detail about the effectiveness of a clause in the regulations to ensure compliance and manage rights in the region.

Budget advocacy also carried deeper, examining how local budget allocations to meet the basic rights and needs of the community. Efforts to get the situation or the climate is conducive to the enactment of Public Law and the Law on Public Service. Law on Public Information facilitate civil society to obtain public documents about the local budget and its implementation report, which documents are very vital in conducting social audits. Public Service Act guarantees the public’s right to assert monitor public service. []